Effects of subtraction meditation on perceived stress, self-efficacy, systolic pressure, diastolic pressure, and pulse rate in paramedic students
The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services 2017, Vol. 21, No. 2
In-Soo Lee Department of Paramedic Science, Korea National University of Transportation, Chungju, Korea
Eun-Sook Choi Department of Emergency Medical Service, Kongju National University, KongJu, Korea
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of subtraction meditation on perceived stress, self-efficacy, blood pressure, and pulse rate in paramedic students.
Methods: A quasi-experimental study with non-equivalent comparison groups using pre and post-test design was performed. The experimental group consisted of 27 participants who attended the meditation program, and the control group consisted of 26 non-participants of the program. The data were
analyzed using SPSS/WIN 24.0.
Results: There were a statistically significant differences between the experimental group and the control group in perceived stress(t=2.301, p=.026), systolic pressure(F=18.531, p=.000), diastolic pressure(F=9.745, p=.003), and pulse rate(F=33.869, p=.000) between pretest and posttest results.
Conclusion: The subtraction meditation program can help reduce perceived stress, systolic pressure, diastolic pressure, and pulse rate.
Key words:Subtraction meditation, Perceived stress, Self-efficacy, Blood pressure, Pulse rate